The modern dental implant consisting of many components can be quite daunting to a patient. The implant body is the part that is inserted into the jaw bone . Modern dental implant body are shaped like a root of a tooth. They may be parallel in shape or tapered. Recently tapered implant are getting more popular as they provide more rigid fixation to the jaw bone compared to parallel implant body. However the implant dentist must be more careful when using tapered implant . Tapered implant are more prone to over compression and the resultant bone damage will lead to implant failure.
The tread design of the implant body has also undergone tremendous changes in the past few years. The more recent implant has more aggressive with sharp cutting treads. This will enable better fixation of the implant body to soft jaw bone . This is especially useful for asian populations as they tend to have softer bone.
The surface roughness and texture of the implant body will also have a significant bearing on the speed of bone healing to the implant. Modern SA or SLA implant surfaces have been proven to reduce bone fixation time to as little as 8 weeks.
The implant abutment is the component that is screwed into the implant body. The abutment is than used to support a crown or a bridge or a denture. A good implant system is one that has well machined precision parts .This will allow implant components to be rigidly connected resulting in a low incidence of screw loosening.
Generally a good implant system should have a wide abutments. This means that the implant dentist is able to restore even the most challenging clinical situations . Nothing is more frustrating to the implant dentist than to have an implant body that is successfully osseointegrated into the jaw bone but is not restorable due to lack of implant abutments options.